Health outcomes differ between ethnic groups. Evidence suggests that lower socio-economic position in some ethnic groups is the main driver of health inequality by ethnicity. Other factors include biological susceptibility, racism and discrimination, poorer delivery and take-up of health care and differences in culture and lifestyles.

Results from the 2021 census suggest that 22.3% of the Trafford resident population (or 52,292 people) reported belonging to an ethnically diverse community, 3.3% higher than England (19.0%), and an increase of 7.8% in Trafford from the 2011 census. 12.6% of the population belong to an Asian ethnic group, 3.4% Black, and 3.8% mixed. 2.5% of Trafford’s population belongs to other ethnicities (Figure 1).


Figure 1: Estimated resident population by ethnic group in Trafford

Source: Office for National Statistics, 2021


Wide variation was found across Trafford in the percentage (%) of non-white population ranging from 10.2% in the West neighbourhood, to 39.5% in the North neighbourhood.

The non-white population in Trafford were found to have a younger age structure than the population as a whole. Among children and young people aged under 18, 1 in 3 (33.3%) belonged to an ethnic minority, compared with around 1 in 20 (5.5%) among those aged 65 years and over.


Figure 2: Percentage belonging to a ethnic minority group by broad age groups in Trafford.

Source: Office for National Statistics, 2021