Ethnic groups

Black and minority ethnic (BAME) groups generally have worse health outcomes compared with the overall population.  Evidence suggests that lower socio-economic position in some ethnic groups is the main driver of health inequality by ethnicity. Other factors include biological susceptibility, racism and discrimination, poorer delivery and take-up of health care and differences in culture and lifestyles.

ONS publishes detailed population estimates by ethnic group for areas in England and Wales following each census. On 4th December 2019, ONS produced a research report on population estimates by ethnicity and religion presenting latest findings about these estimates and pointed to the 2011 Census as the latest available National Statistics for ethnic group at local authority level. This report mentioned the use of Annual Population Survey (APS) to provide estimates for all ethnic groups and states (section 2, second paragraph): 'One of the main findings of that work, reinforced by subsequent feedback, was that a large number of local and unitary authorities (LAs and UAs) did not have a sufficient number of APS survey contacts to produce robust estimates for all ethnic groups and therefore, the method would require further development to address user needs.'

Results from the 2011 census suggest that 14.5% of the Trafford resident population (or 32,744 people) reported belonging to a BAME Group, very similar to England as a whole (14.6%).   The Trafford BAME population is made up of 7.9% belonging to an Asian ethnic group, 2.9% Black and 2.7% Mixed (Figure 1), again similar to England.


Figure 1: Estimated resident population by ethnic group in Trafford

Source: Office for National Statistics, 2011


Wide variation was found across Trafford in the percentage (%) of BAME population ranging from 5.7% in the West locality, to 37.4% in the North locality.  See locality profiles for further information. 

The BAME population in Trafford were found to have a younger age structure than the population as a whole. Among children and young people aged under 20 more than 1 in 5 (21.9%) belonged to a BAME group, compared with around 1 in 20 (4.8%) among those aged 65 years and over.


Figure 2: Percentage belonging to a BAME group by broad age groups in Trafford

Source: Office for National Statistics, 2011


Page last updated: 15th January 2021